Semeru Volcano – Mont Semeru
Mount Semeru or Mount Meru is a cone volcano in East Java, Indonesia. Semeru Mountain is the highest mountain on Java Island, with its peak Mahameru, 3,676 meters above sea level (masl). Semeru Mountain is also the third highest volcano in Indonesia after Mount Kerinci in Sumatra and Mount Rinjani in West Nusa Tenggara . The crater at the top of Mount Semeru is known as Jonggring Saloko. Mount Semeru is administratively included in the two regencies, namely Malang Regency and Lumajang Regency, East Java Province. This mountain is included in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park area. Semeru has Dipterocarp Hill forests, Upper Dipterocarp forests, Montane forests, and Ericaceous Forests or mountain forests. The geographical position of Semeru is located between 8 ° 06 ‘LS and 112 ° 55’ BT. In 1913 and 1946 the Crater Jonggring Saloka had a dome with a height of 3,744.8 m until the end of November 1973. To the south, this dome broke into the edge of the crater causing the lava flow to the south to cover Pronojiwo and Candipuro in Lumajang.
This mountain is included in the area of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. This National Park consists of mountains and valleys covering an area of 50,273.3 hectares. There are several mountains in the Caldera of the Mt. Bro.Bromo (2,392m) Shell (2,470m) GN. Chair (2,581m) Gn. Harvest (2,662m) Gn .idodaren (2,650m). There are four lakes (Ranu): Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, Ranu Kumbolo and Ranu Darungan. Flora which is in the area of Mount Semeru has a variety of species but is dominated by pine, acacia, pine, and Jamuju species. Whereas for understorey is dominated by Kirinyuh, Imperata, Tembelekan, Harendong and Edelwiss Putih, Edelwiss which are mostly found on the slopes towards the summit of Semeru. And also found several types of endemic orchids that live around South Semeru. Many of the fauna that inhabit Mount Semeru include: beetle, budeng, mongoose, deer, mouse deer, etc. Whereas in Ranu Kumbolo there are grouse that still live wild..
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