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Baluran National Park

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Baluran National Park – Baluran National Park is one of the National Parks in Indonesia located in Banyuputih, Situbondo and Wongsorejo, Banyuwangi (north), East Java, Indonesia. The name of the National Park is taken from the name of the mountain in this area, namely Mount Baluran. The gate to enter Baluran National Park goes at 7 ° 55’17.76 “S and 114 ° 23’15.27” E. This national park consists of savanna type vegetation, mangrove forest, seasonal forest, coastal forest, lower forest, swamp forest and forest which is always green all year long. Savanna vegetation types dominate the Baluran National Park area, which is about 40 percent of the total land area.

Based on SK. Forestry Minister No. 279 / Kpts.-VI / 1997 dated May 23, 1997 the Baluran National Park is designated to have an area of ​​25,000 Ha. In accordance with the allocation of the area, the area is divided into several zones based on SK. PKA Director General No. 187 / Kpts. / DJ-V / 1999 dated December 13, 1999 consisting of: [2] core zone covering an area of ​​12,000 ha.the jungle zone is 5,537 ha (waters = 1,063 ha and land = 4,574 ha).intensive utilization zone with an area of ​​800 ha.special utilization zones with an area of ​​5,780 ha, and rehabilitation zones covering 783 ha.

Flora and fauna

Ziziphus mauritiana trees in the park

There have been 444 plant species recorded in the park, including some endangered plant species such as: Ziziphus rotundifoliaTamarindus indicaDioscorea hispidaAleurites moluccanus and Corypha utan.[3]

Baluran National Park hosts 26 mammal species, including the endangered bantengSumatran dholeIndian muntjacJava mouse-deerfishing catJavan leopard and Javan lutung.[citation needed] The banteng population decreased from 338 in 1996 to just 26 in 2012.[2]

Avifauna in the park include the green peafowlred junglefowlMalabar pied hornbillrhinoceros hornbill and lesser adjutant.[3] Until 2010 there had been 155 species of bird recorded in the park, but following a bird photography competition in 2012, the number of species was revised to 196.[5]

 

 

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